Everything You Need To Know About 5-Axis CNC Machining

Everything You Need To Know About 5-Axis CNC Machining

CNC 5 axes: Since the beginning, a man already needed to mold and transform raw materials into useful objects for his day-to-day; for this, he used the resources of the time that were much more limited than what we have in our reality. The range of products we currently use is immense, so molding materials are essential to maintain our comfort and quality of life.

Techniques for transforming raw materials into objects have varied over the years depending on the raw material used and the evolution of technology. In the metalworking industry especially, machining has become a great helper to create parts with different profiles and incredible functionality.

In general terms, machining is a manufacturing process by removing material that aims to transform a raw part into a product with a specified shape and dimensions.

There are many machining processes, and each one has its function, for example: Turning is the use of a machine tool to manufacture cylindrical or conical objects, Grinding is in charge of finishing the parts by removing material by abrasives, Drilling as its name suggests, it allows parts to be drilled in places and with determined diameters and so we have a list of resources that machining provides us.

The simplest machines, but still widely used, are conventional machining that mold the material through cutting or abrasion tools. They are not obsolete but are gradually being replaced by others with more advanced technology; they are computerized machining machines that become more autonomous through a programming language.

The programming language controls all machine movements such as speed, fluid activation, and tool selection, minimizing human interaction. These machines are called CNC (Computer Numerical Control) and provide a series of resources to create true art.

Advantages Of Using CNC Machine

Despite requiring a higher investment, opting for a Automatic CNC machine (เครื่อง กลึง อัตโนมัติ which is the term in Thai) or a Machining Center instead of conventional equipment has a high cost-benefit ratio, especially for large-scale production. The list of perk items is vast, but the main ones are:

  • Manufacture of complex geometries
  • Measurement accuracy
  • Better finish
  • Versatility
  • Agility
  • Affordable quality control
  • Consistency in manufacturing batches
  • Reduction of human errors

Differences Between CNC Milling And Turning And The Machining Center

The CNC machining center is the equipment capable of bringing together in a single machine several tools and resources for the production of parts with different profiles; it is the famous multitasking. This way, you wouldn’t need to have a lathe and a milling machine, even if they have the numerical control feature. The machining center has a more robust structure and a greater variety of tools, which is hardly limited.

To make this possible, machining centers work with what we call axes; yes, they are the same coordinate axes you are thinking about. The most common machining centers have three or five axes.